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Piper PA-44 Seminole

A popular trainer aircraft used by flight instructors in a lot of groundschools today is the Piper PA-44 Seminole. An American twin-engined light aircraft manufactured by Piper Aircraft. The PA-44 is a development of the Piper Cherokee single-engine aircraft and is primarily used for multi-engine flight training.

The Seminole was built in 1979-82, in 1989-90, and again since 1995.

The first production Seminoles are equipped with two 180-hp (135 kW) Lycoming O-360-E1A6D engines. The right hand engine is a Lycoming LO-360-E1A6D variant, which turns in the opposite direction to the left hand engine. This feature eliminates the critical engine and makes the aircraft more controllable in the event an engine needs to be shut down or fails.[4]

The Seminole was first certified on March 10, 1978 and introduced as a 1979 model year in late 1978. Gross weight is 3800 lbs (1723 kg).

Later production Seminoles were built with Lycoming O-360-A1H6 engines.

The PA-44 features a high T-tail similar to the T-tailed Arrow IV. The Seminole resembles the competitive Beechcraft Duchess.

It is a popular rental aircraft used by private pilots today as well.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 27 ft 7.2 in (8.41 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 8 in (11.77 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
  • Wing area: 184 ft² (17.1 m²)
  • Empty weight: 2,360 lb (1,070 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,800 lb (1,723 kg)
  • Powerplant: × 1 Lycoming O-360-A1H6 and 1 Lycoming LO-360-A1H6 air cooled, direct-drive, horizontally opposed 4 cylinder engine, 180 hp (135 kW) at Sea Level each
  • Propellers: Hartzell HC-C2Y(K,R)-2 two-bladed, constant speed, fully feathering, with pitch controlled by oil/nitrogen pressure propeller, 1 per engine
  • Maximum Ramp Weight: 3 816 lb (1,731 kg)
  • Fuel: 2 main nacelle tanks, each of 55 U.S. gallon capacity (110 U.S. Gal. total), 2 U.S. gallons unusable.


  • Maximum speed: 202 kt
  • Cruise speed: 155 kt
  • Range: 1,000 miles (1,630 km)
  • Service ceiling: 17,100 ft (5,213 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,200 ft/min (366 m/min)
  • Wing loading: 21.1 lb/ft² (100.8 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 10.55 lb/hp (0.16 kW/kg)
  • Single Engine Service ceiling 3,800 ft
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